Salt Cay

Salt Cay derives its name from the industry which led to its foundation. Balfour Town, the only settlement on the island of 6.7km˛, was established by some enterprising Bermudians in the 1600s who say the potential of the island as center for commercial project of salt. Salt production remained the main economic force for the island until the Great Depression of the 1930s when demand from the USA plummeted.

The island is the smallest and least populated – just 100 people – of all the Turks and Caicos Islands and you are more likely to see a donkey than a car. The antiquated feeling of the island gives it a certain romance. Classic film-buffs may recognize some of the landscapes from Bahama Passage, a Hollywood film made on the island in 1941 starting Madeleine Carroll and Stirling Hayden.

Salt Cay
Salt Cay

Salt Cay is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and walking around the islands gives a fascinating glimpse insight into Caribbean history. Scattered amongst the dry salt ponds and the mangroves which cling to the south side of the island are the crumbling ruins of plantation house, which reflect the Bermudian roots of the original settlers. The old governor’s mansion points to the prosperity the salt industry once brought to this island.
Aside from Salt Cay offers ample opportunities for divers, who will appreciate its location close to the ocean wall. Octopus, turtles, nurse sharks, moray eels, barracudas, rays and many types of fish populate the sea around the island.

Experienced divers can also enjoy a wreck dive of the HMS Endymion, a British ship which crashed on the reef in 1790. Chains, cannons and anchors of the old ship can be seen even when snorkeling.
Salt Cay also is one of the best spots on all of Turks and Caicos Islands to watch the whale migration which runs from December into early spring.

Location of Salt Cay

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